Police often set up sobriety checkpoints--roadblocks where drivers are asked a few brief questions to allow the officer to judge whether or not the person may have been drinking. If the officer does not suspect a problem, drivers are released to go on their way. Otherwise, drivers are detained for a Brethalyzer test that will determine whether or not they will be arrested. The police say that based on the brief intial stop, trained officers can make the right decision 80% of the time. Suppose the police operate a sobriety checkpoint after 9p.m. on a Saturday night, a time when national traffic experts suspect that 17% of drivers have been drinking.
b) What's the probability that any given driver will be detained?
c) What's the probability that a driver who is detained has actually been drinking?
d) What's the probability that a driver who was released had actually been drinking?