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(Solved): 1.  Your _____ is your distinct and stable way of thinking, feeling, and behaving. ...



1.  Your _____ is your distinct and stable way of thinking, feeling, and behaving.
 
  mood
  personality
  cognition
  culture
2.  Research on personality has found that it is:
 
  constantly changing.
  relatively stable.
  stagnant after 2 years of age.
  completely hereditary.
3.  What conclusion can we come to regarding the role of biology and environment on personality?
 
  Environment plays a larger role when you are a child, while genes play a larger role when you are an adult.
  Genes and environment combine equally to contribute to personality development.
  Genes play a larger role in personality development than environment.
  Environment plays a larger role in personality development than genes.
4.  The _____ is the force that guides your id towards immediate gratification.
 
  inferiority complex
  conscience
  reality principle
  pleasure principle
5.  When Joanne comes home from a bad day at the office, she yells at her husband, who yells at the kids, who yell at the dog. These are examples of:
 
  displacement.
  reaction formation.
  repression.
  projection.
6.  Adler believed you are driven by a(n) _____, which prompts you to overcome your perceived weaknesses.
 
  superiority complex
  Oedipus complex
  inferiority complex
  archetype
7.  How did Horney's view of personality differ from Freud's?
 
  She believed that Freud's views did not focus enough on male development but placed too much emphasis on females.
  She remarked that males and females develop differently and that male development should not be the standard.
  She did not believe in the psychosexual stages or defense mechanisms in relation to female development.
  She remarked that males and females develop differently and that female development should be the standard.
8.  How does the humanistic theory differ from the psychodynamic theory?
 
  Humanistic theory puts more emphasis on biologically based drives and less emphasis on reaching full potential.
  Psychodynamic theory puts more emphasis on negative, biologically based, unconscious drives in determining our personality.
  Psychodynamic theory is a more positive outlook on personality development since it emphasizes our true nature.
  Both theories emphasize biological drives, but humanistic theory considers these as part of our conscious awareness.
9.  Even though Rosario's mother wishes she would major in nursing, she still accepts her and admires her passion for engineering. Because Rosario is matching her ideal and real self, she will likely experience mental wellness due to:
 
  congruence.
  reciprocal determinism.
  incongruence.
  conditions of worth.
10.  As a result of humanistic theory, an increasing number of therapists utilize treatment styles that focus on clients':
 
  assets and weaknesses.
  assets and abilities.
  disorders and abilities.
  problems and disorders.
11.  The _____ theory believes that there really is no such thing as personality since it is defined using terms that cannot be directly measured, such as thoughts and feelings.
 
  trait
  humanistic
  behavioral
  social-cognitive
12.  Anton has changed his life by getting into shape, healthy eating, and practicing meditation. Anton believes these things will help him live a longer, healthier, and more fulfilling life. He is exhibiting a(n) _____ locus of control.
 
  external
  high
  internal
  low
13.  _____ has been found to enhance achievement in a wide variety of areas, including memory abilities and work performance.
 
  Openness to experience
  Positive regard
  Self-efficacy
  Reciprocal determinism
14.  The leading model used by trait theorists has many names or acronyms used to remember it, but the _____ is NOT one of them.
 
  Big Five
  five-factor model
  hierarchy of needs
  OCEAN
15.  A _____ is a stable element of personality that influences thoughts, feelings, and behavior across most situations.
 
  goal
  character flaw
  desire
  trait
16.  Which is a listing of the Big Five personality traits?
 
  agreeableness, conscientiousness, extroversion, optimism, and neuroticism
  organized, sociability, extroversion, optimism, and neuroticism
  agreeableness, conscientiousness, extroversion, open to experience, and neuroticism
  agreeableness, sociability, extroversion, open to experience, and neuroticism
17.  _____ is the personality trait associated with organization and discipline.
 
  Neuroticism
  Extraversion
  Agreeableness
  Conscientiousness
18.  The major criticism of objective personality tests is that they are:
 
  unrelated to the Big Five traits.
  not measuring thought processes.
  in self-report format.
  too lengthy and time consuming.
19.  The goal of projective personality tests is to measure:
 
  your interpretations of what you see.
  each of the Big Five personality traits.
  how much you agree with various statements.
  behaviors through self-reporting.
20.  Which is NOT a part of behavioral assessment?
 
  determining the function of the behavior
  noting the events before and after the behavior
  identifying the emotions causing the behavior
  defining the problem behavior


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Ans 1) Personality Ans 2) relativel
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